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Physics Topics - Form Two

TOPIC 1: Static Electricity

1. Concept of Static Electricity

• Explain the concept of static electricity

• Explain the origin of charges

• Identify the two types of charges

• State the fundamental law of static electricity

• Charge bodies using different methods

2. Detection of Charges

• Describe the structure of a gold-leaf electroscope

• Determine the sign of charges

• Identify steps of charging and discharging of a gold-leaf electroscope

3. Conductors and Insulators

• Distinguish between a conductor and insulator

4. Capacitors

• Explain mode of action of a capacitance

• Explain the action of a capacitor

• Describe the construction of an air-filled capacitor

• Determine equivalence capacitance of a combination of capacitors

5. Charge Distribution Along the Surface of a Conductor

• Recognise that charge on a conductor reside on its outer surface

• Show that charge on a conductor is concentrated on sharply curved surfaces

6. Lightning Conductor

• Explain the phenomenon of lightning conductor

• Describe the structure and mode of action of lightning conductor

• Construct a simple lightning conductor

TOPIC 2: Current Electricity

1. Concept Of Current Electricity

• Define current electricity

• Identify different sources of current electricity in everyday life

2. Simple Electric Circuits

• Identify simple circuit components

• Identify simple electric symbols

• Explain the concept of Current, Voltage and Resistance

• State the SI units of Current, Voltage and Resistance

• Connect simple electric circuits

• Measure electric current and voltage

• Analyse simple electric circuits

TOPIC 3: Magnetism

1. Concept of Magnetism

• Explain the origin of magnetism

• Identify magnetic and non-Magnetic material/substances

• State the properties of magnets

• Identify types of Magnets

• Identify application of magnets

2. Magnetisation and Demagnetisation

• Explain the concept of magnetisation and demagnetisation

• Demonstrate magnetisation and demagnetisation

• Design methods of storing magnets

3. Magnetic Fields of a Magnet

• Explain the concept of magnetic fields of a magnet

• Illustrate the magnetic lines of force around a magnet using iron fillings or compass needle

• Explain the methods of magnetic shielding

4. Earth's Magnetic Field

• Explain the phenomenon of earth's magnetism

• Determine direction of earth's magnetic field

• Locate the earth' magnetic lines of force about a bar magnet

• Measure the angle of inclination (dip) and angles of declination

• State the application of earth's magnetic field

TOPIC 4: Forces In Equilibrium

1. Moment of a Force

• Explain the effects of turning forces

• Determine the moment of force

• State the principle of moments

• Apply the principle of moment in daily life

2. Centre of Gravity

• Explain centre of gravity

• Determine centre of gravity of regular shaped body

• Determine centre of gravity of irregular shaped body

3. Types of Equilibrium

• Explain the condition for equilibrium

• Explain Stable, Unstable and Neutral equilibrium

• Apply conditions of stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium in daily life

TOPIC 5: Simple Machines

1. Concept of Simple Machines

• Explain the concept of a simple machine

• Explain the terms applied in simple machine

• Identify the different kinds of simple machines

2. Levers

• Identify the three classes of levers

• Determine the mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of lever

• Use of levers in daily life

3. Pulleys

• Identify different pulley systems

• Determine mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of pulley system

• Use of pulley in daily life

4. Inclined Plane

• State the concept of inclined plane

• Determine mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of inclined plane

• Apply inclined plane in daily life

5. Screw Jack

• Describe the structure of a Screw Jack

• Determine the mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of a Screw Jack

• Use the Screw Jack in daily life

6. Wheel and Axle

• Describe the structure of a wheel and axle

• Determine the mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of a wheel and axle

• Use the wheel and axle in daily life

7. Hydraulic press

• Describe the structure of Hydraulic Press

• Determine mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of a Hydraulic Press

• Use the Hydraulic Press in daily life

TOPIC 6: Motion In Straight Line

1. Distance and Displacement

• Distinguish between Distance and Displacement

• State the SI units of Distance and Displacement

2. Speed and Velocity

• Distinguish between Speed and Velocity

• State the SI unit of Speed and Velocity

• Determine average velocity of a body

3. Acceleration

• Interpret velocity time-graph

• Determine the acceleration of a body

• Explain the concept of retardation

4. Equations of Uniformly Accelerated Motion

• Derive equation of uniformly accelerated motion

• Apply equations of accelerated motion in daily life

5. Motion under Gravity

• Explain the concept of gravitational force

• Determine acceleration due to gravity

• Explain the application of gravitational force

TOPIC 7: Newton's Law Of Motion

1. 1st law of Motion

• Explain the concept of inertia

• Verify Newton's first law of Motion

2. 2nd law of Motion

• Explain concept of linear momentum

• Verify Newton's second law of Motion

3. Conservation of linear Momentum

• Distinguish between Elastic and Inelastic Collisions

• State the principle of conservation of linear Momentum

• Apply the principle of conservation of linear momentum in solving problems

4. 3rd law of Motion

• Distinguish between Action and Reaction Forces

• State Newton's third Law of Motion

• Apply Newton's third Law of Motion

TOPIC 8: Temperature

1. Concept of temperature

• Define the term temperature

• State the SI unit of temperature

2. Measurement of Temperature

• Identify measurable physical properties that change with temperature

• Define the fundamental interval of a thermometer

• Describe the 'mode' of action of liquid-in-glass thermometer

• Measure accurately the temperature of a body

TOPIC 9: Sustainable Energy Sources

1. Water Energy

• Explain the generation of electricity from water

• Explain the importance of water energy

• Construct a model of HydroElectric power plant

2. Solar Energy

• Explain the sun as a source of energy

• Explain the conversion of Solar energy to electric Energy

• Construct a model of solar panel

3. Wind Energy

• Explain wind as a source of energy

• Construct a model of a Wind Mill

• Apply Wind Mill in daily life

4. Sea Wave Energy

• Explain sea wave as a source of energy

• Explain the conversion of sea wave energy to electric energy

5. Geothermal Energy

• Explain Geothermal as a source of energy

• Explain the conversion of Geothermal energy to electric energy

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