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Chemistry Topics - Form Two


TOPIC 1: Oxygen

  1. Preparation and Properties of Oxygen

    • Prepare a sample of oxygen gas in the laboratory

    • Perform simple experiments to demonstrate properties of oxygen gas

    • Explain properties of oxygen

  2. Uses of Oxygen

    • List uses of oxygen in daily life

    • Relate some uses of oxygen to its properties


TOPIC 2: Hydrogen

  1. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen

    • Explain the preparation of hydrogen gas in a laboratory

    • Explain the properties of hydrogen

  2. Uses of Hydrogen

    • State uses of hydrogen gas

TOPIC 3: Water 

  1. Occurrence and Nature of Water

    • Describe the occurrence and nature of water

    • Describe the water cycle

    • Relate water cycle to environmental conservation

  2. Properties of Water

    • Perfom simple experiments on physical and chemical properties of water

    • Explain properties of water

  3. Treatment and Purification of Water

    • Perform processes of domestic water treatment and purification

    • Describe the processes of urban water treatment

  4. Uses of Water

    • State uses of water

    • Compare the solubility of different substances in water and organic solvents


TOPIC 4: Fuels And Energy

  1. Fuel Sources

    • Identify different sources of fuels

    • Describe methods of obtaining fuels from locally available materials

  2. Categories of Fuels

    • Classify fuels according to their states

  3. Uses of Fuels

    • List uses of fuels

    • Assess the environmental effects on using charcoal and firewood as source of fuels

  4. Conservation of Energy

    • Explain the law of conservation of energy

    • Carry out experiments on the conservation of energy from one form to another

  5. Renewable Energy Biogas

    • Explain the working mechanism of biogas plant

    • Construct a model of biogas plant

    • Explain the use of biogas in environmental conservation

TOPIC 5: Atomic Structure 

  1. The Atom

    • Explain Dalton contribution to atomic structure

    • Explain the modern concept of Dalton’s atomic structure

  2. Sub-atomic Particles

    • Identify sub-atomic particles in an atom

    • Explain the properties of each particle in an atom

  3. Electronic Arrangements

    • Determine a maximum number of electrons in the shells

    • Draw energy shell diagrams

  4. Atomic number, Mass number and Isotope

    • Relate atomic number with number of protons

    • Calculate mass number of an atom from numbers of protons and neutrons

    • Explain the concept of isotope

TOPIC 6: Periodic Classification

  1. Periodicity

    • Explain the concept of periodicity

  2. General Trends

    • Explain the change in properties of elements across the periods

    • Explain the change in properties of elements down the group

    • Use electronic configuration to locate the positions of elements in periodic table

TOPIC 7: Formula Bonding and Nomenclature

  1. Valence and Chemical Formulae

    • Explain the concept of valence

    • Write simple formulae of binary compounds

    • Explain the concept of empirical and molecular formulae

    • Calculate the empirical and molecular formulae

  2. Oxidation State

    • Explain the concept of oxidation state

    • Differentiate oxidation state and valence

  3. Radicals

    • Explain the concept of radicals

    • Write chemical formulae of common compounds

  4. Covalent Bonding

    • Explain the concept of covalent bonding

    • State the properties of covalent bonding

  5. Electrovalent Bonding

    • Explain the concept of electrovalent bonding

    • State properties of electrovalent bonding

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