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Biology Topics - Form One


TOPIC 1: Introduction To Biology

  1. Basic Concepts and Terminologies of Biology 

    • Explain the meaning of basic biological concepts and terminologies 

    • Outline the characteristics of living thing

    • Explain the importance of studying biology 

    • Relate biological science with other related fields 

  2. Scientific Processes in Biology

    • Use own sense organs to make correct observations

    • Take measurements of mass, length, temperature and pulse rate 

    • Carry out simple biological experiments

  3. The Biology Laboratory 

    • Describe the biology laboratory 

    • Distinguish the biology laboratory from other school facilities

    • Interpret warning signs on containers of laboratory chemicals and apparatus 

    • Identify common apparatus and equipment of biology laboratory 



TOPIC 2: Safety In Our Environment

  1. First Aid 

    • Explain the meaning and importance of first aid at home and at school

    • Identity components of the first aid kit and their uses 

    • Outline procedures of giving first aid to various victims 

  2. Safety at Home and School

    • Mention common accidents at home and school 

    • Outline ways of preventing accidents at home and school 

    • Explain ways of maintain safety at home and school

  3. Waste Disposal

    • Explain the terms “Waste” and waste disposal 

    • Identify types of waste 

    • Outline basic principle of waste disposal 

    • Demonstrate proper ways of disposing waste 

    • Explain effects of poor waste disposal 

    • Suggest proper ways of disposing waste in the surrounding community 

  4. The Concept of Health and Immunity

    • Explain the concepts of health and immunity 

    • Mention types of body immunity and their importance 

    • State factors which affects body immunity 

  5. Personal Hygiene and Good Manners 

    • Explain concepts of personal hygiene and good manners 

    • Outline principle of personal hygiene and good manners

    • Mention requirements of personal hygiene and good manners 

    • Outline ways of maintaining proper personal hygiene during puberty 

    • Explain the importance of personal hygiene and good manners 

  6. Infections and Diseases 

    • Explain the meaning of the terms infection and disease

    • Mention common infections and diseases 

    • Explain the causes, symptoms, mode of transmission and effects of common infections and diseases

    • Suggest appropriate preventive and control measures for common infections and diseases

  7. Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDs) 

    • Explain the meaning of HIV/AIDs, STIs, and STDs 

  8. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs) 

    • Explain causes, symptoms, mode and transmission and effects of HIV/AIDs, STIs and STDs

    • Outline the preventive and control measures of HIV?AIDs, STIs and STDs

  9. Management of STIs and HIV/AIDs

    • Explain ways of avoiding risky situations, risky behaviours and practices 

    • Demonstrate necessary skills for avoiding risky behaviours, practices and situations 

  10. Care and Support of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA)

    • Explain the importance of providing care and support to PLWHA in the family community and at school

    • Outline necessary care and support services provided to PLWHA in the family, community and at school 

    • Explain the effects of discrimination and stigma to people living with HIV/AIDS to the individual, family and society 



TOPIC 3: Cell Structure And Organization 

  1. The Concept of Cell 

    • Explain the meaning of the cell

    • Mention the characteristics of the cell 

    • Differentiate various types of cells 

    • Explain the functions of different parts of plant and animal cells 

    • Draw and label plant and animal cell 

    • Outline similarities and differences of plant and animal cells

  2. Cell Differentiation

    • Explain the concept of cell differentiation

    • Outline the importance of cell differentiation and formation of tissues, organs and body systems 

    • Differentiate cells, tissues organs and body systems



TOPIC 4: Classification Of Living Things

  1. Concept of Classification

    • Explain the concept of classification

    • Group living things according to their similarities and differences

    • Explain the importance of classifying living things

  2. Classification Systems

    • Outline types of classification systems and their differences 

    • Explain merits and demerits of each type of classification system 

    • Carry out practical activities of classifying living things according to artificial and natural classification systems

  3. Major Groups of Living Things 

    • Mention major groups of living things

    • Outline ranks of classification

    • Carryout practical activities of grouping organisms into their respective major groups 

  4. Viruses 

    • Explain general and distinctive features of viruses

    • Describe the structure of viruses 

    • Outline advantages and disadvantages of viruses

  5. Kingdom Monera

    • Explain general and distinctive features of the kingdom monera

    • Describe structures of the representative organisms of the kingdom monera

    • Outline the advantages and disadvantages of the kingdom monera

    • Outline the characteristics of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria

  6. Kingdom Protoctista

    • Explain general and distinctive features of the kingdom protoctista

    • Mention phyla of the kingdom protoctista

    • Describe structure of amoeba and paramecium 

    • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of amoeba, euglena paramecium and plasmodium 

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