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Physics Topics - Form One

TOPIC 1: Introduction To Physics

1. Concepts of Physics

• Explain the concepts of physics

• Establish the relationship between physics and other subjects

• State the importance of studying physics

2. Applications of Physics in Real Life

• Explain the applications of physics in real life

• Apply physics in daily life

TOPIC 2: Introduction To Laboratory Practice

1. Laboratory Rules and Safety Guidelines

• State rules in physics laboratory

• Explain the safety measures in physics laboratory

• Use the First Aid Kit to render first aid

• Identify warning signs

• Use warning signs in daily life

2. Basic Principles of Scientific Investigation

• Explain the concept of scientific investigation

• Identify the steps of scientific investigation

• Use the scientific investigation methods in solving problems

TOPIC 3: Measurement

1. Concepts of Measurement

• Explain the concepts of measurement

• State the importance of measurement in real life

2. Basic Fundamental Quantities

• Define a fundamental quantity

• Mention three basic fundamental quantities of measurement

• State the S.I unit of fundamental quantities

• Use appropriate instruments for measuring fundamental quantities

3. Derived Quantities

• Explain derived quantities

• State the S.I. units of derived quantities

4. Basic Apparatus/Equipment and their uses

• Describe basic apparatus/equipments used for measurement

• Identify sources of errors in measurement

5. Density and Relative Density

• Explain the concept of density of a substance and its S.I unit

• Determine the density of regular and irregular solids

• Determine the density of a liquid

• Define the relative density of a substance

• Interpret applications of density and relative density in real life

TOPIC 4: Force

1. Concept of Force

• Explain the concept of force

• State the S.I unit of force

2. Types of Force

• Identify fundamental types of forces

• Describe the properties of each type of the fundamental forces

3. Effects of Force

• Identify effects of forces

• Justify the effects of forces on materials

TOPIC 5: Archimedes' Principle And Law Of Flotation

1. Archimedes' Principle

• Explain the concept of upthrust

• Verify the archimedes principle

• Apply the archimedes principle to determine relative density

2. Law of Flotation

• Distinguish floating and sinking of objects

• Explain the conditions for a substance to float in fluids

• Relate upthrust and weight of floating body

• State the law of flotation

• Apply the law of flotation in everyday life

• Describe the mode of action of a Hydrometer

• Construct a simple Hydrometer

• Use Hydrometer to determine the relative density of different liquids

TOPIC 6: Structure And Properties Of Matter

1. Structure of Matter

• Explain the concept of matter

• Justify the particulate nature of matter

• Explain the kinetic theory of matter

• Classify three states of matter

2. Elasticity

• Explain the concept of elasticity

• Justify the relationship between tension and extension of a loaded elastic material

• Identify the applications of elasticity in real life

• Explain the concept adhesion and cohesion

• Identify the applications of adhesion and cohesion in daily life

4. Surface Tension

• Explain the concept of surface tension

• Identify the applications of surface tension in daily life

5. Capillarity

• Explain the concept of capillarity

• Identify the applications of capillarity in daily life

6. Osmosis

• Explain the concept of osmosis

• Identify the applications of osmosis in daily life

TOPIC 7: Pressure

1. Concept of Pressure

• Explain the concept of pressure

• State the S.I unit of pressure

2. Pressure due to Solids

• Explain dependence of pressure on surface of contact

• Identify the applications of pressure due to solids

3. Pressure in Liquids

• Describe the characteristics of pressure in liquids

• Examine the variation of pressure with depth in liquids

• Solve problems involving Pressure in Liquids

• Explain the principle of a hydraulic pressure

• Measure pressure of a liquid

4. Atmospheric Pressure

• Describe the existence of atmospheric pressure

• Identify the applications of atmospheric pressure

• Measure atmospheric pressure

TOPIC 8: Work, Energy And Power

1. Work

• Explain the concept of work

• State the S.I unit of work

• Determine the work done by an applied force

2. Energy

• Explain the concept of energy

• State S.I unit of energy

• Identify different forms of energy

• Distinguish between potential energy and kinetic energy

• Explain the transformation of energy

• State the principle of conservation of Energy

• Explain the uses of mechanical energy

3. Power

• Explain the concept of power

• State the S.I unit of power

• Determine the rate of doing work

TOPIC 9: Light

1. Sources of Light

• Explain the concept of light

• Identify sources of light

• Distinguish luminous from non-luminous bodies

2. Propagation and Transmission of Light

• Explain the concept of rays and beam of light

• Verify that light rays travels in straight line

• Identify transparent, translucent and opaque materials

3. Reflection of Light

• Explain the concept of reflection of light

• Distinguish regular from irregular reflection of light

• Apply the laws of reflection of light

• Describe image formed by a plane mirror

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