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Chemistry Topics - Form One


TOPIC 1: Introduction To Chemistry

  1. The concept of chemistry

    • Explain the concept of Chemistry

    • Mention materials objects made by application of chemistry

  2. Importance of chemistry in life 

    • State the importance of Chemistry in daily life


TOPIC 2: Laboratory Techniques And Safety 

  1. Rules and safety precautions in a chemistry laboratory

    • State laboratory rules

    • Explain the safety measures for a chemistry laboratory

  2. First aid and first aid kit

    • Identify possible causes of accidents in a chemistry laboratory

    • Name the items found in a first aid kit

    • Demonstrate how each first aid kit item is used

    • Use the items in a first aid kit to provide first aid to an accident victim

  3. Basic chemistry laboratory apparatus and their uses

    • List the apparatus used in a chemistry laboratory

    • Categorize chemistry laboratory apparatus according to their uses

    • Use common chemistry laboratory apparatus

  4. Warning signs

    • Draw and label the basic chemical warning signs

    • Explain the concept of warning signs

TOPIC 3: Heat Sources And Flames 

  1. Heat sources

    • Name different heat sources which can be used in a chemistry laboratory

    • Explain the functioning of a bunsen burner

  2. Types of flame

    • Produce luminous and non-luminous flames from different types of flames


TOPIC 4:The Scientific Procedure 

  1. Significance of scientific procedure

    • Explain the concept of scientific procedure

    • Explain the importance of the scientific procedure

  2. The main steps of the scientific procedure

    • Describe each step of the scientific procedure

  3. Application of the scientific procedure

    • Use the Scientific procedure to carry out investigations in chemistry

TOPIC 5: Matter 

  1. Concept of matter

    • Explain concept of matter

  2. States of matter

    • Describe the three states of matter

    • Change one state of matter to another

    • Explain the importance of changing one state of matter to another

  3. Physical and chemical changes

    • Describe the characteristics of a physical change

    • Demonstrate physical changes of matter experimentally

    • Describe the characteristics of a chemical change

    • Demonstrate chemical changes of matter experimentally

  4. Elements and symbols

    • Explain the concept of an element

    • Differentiate elements from other substances

  5. Compounds and mixtures

    • Concept of compounds and mixtures

    • Prepare a binary compound

    • Compare the properties of a compound with those of its constituent elements

    • Explain the concept of a mixture

    • Classify mixtures into solutions, suspensions and emulsions

  6. Separation of mixtures

    • Describe the different methods of separating mixtures

    • Explain the significance of separating different mixtures

    • Separate the components of different mixtures using different methods

TOPIC 6: Air Combustion, Rusting And Fire Fighting

  1. Composition of air

    • Name the gases present in air and their proportions

    • Demonstrate the presence of different gases in air

    • Determine the percentage of oxygen in air experimentally

  2. Combustion

    • Explain the concept of combustion

    • Demonstrate the combustion of different substances in air and analyse the products

    • Describe the application of combustion in real life

  3. Fire fighting

    • Classify types of fires according to their causes

    • Identify different types of fire extinguishers used to extinguish different types of fire

    • State the components needed to start a fire

    • Classify fire extinguishers according to the chemicals they contain

    • Extinguish small fires using the right types of fire extinguishers

  4. Rusting

    • Explain the concept of rusting

    • Demonstrate the conditions necessary for iron to rust

    • Describe the different methods of preventing iron from rusting

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