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Biology Topics - Form Three

 

TOPIC 1: Classification of Living Things

  1. Kingdom Plantae, Division Coniferophyta (Conifers ) .

    • Explain general and distinctive features of the division coniferophyta .

    • Describe the structure of pinus .

    • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the division coniferophyta .

  2. Division Angiospermophyta ( Flowering Plants ) .

    • Explain general and distinctive features of the division angiospermophyta .

    • Outline the classes of the division angiospermophyta and their distinctive features .

    • Describe the structure of representative plants under each class (Monocotyledonae and Dicotyledonae) .

    • Explain advantages and disadvantages of division dngiospermophyta .

 

TOPIC 2: Movement

  1. Concept of Movement and Locomotion .

    • Explain the concept of movement and locomotion .

    • Explain the importance of movement in animals and plants .

    • Demonstrate movement and locomotion actions .

  2. Movement of the Human Body, the Human Skeletal System .

    • Describe the structures of human skeleton .

    • Explain the functions of the major components of the human skeleton and their adaptations .

  3. Muscles and Movement .

    • Explain the concept of muscles .

    • Mention types of muscles .

    • Demonstrate how muscles facilitate movement .

    • Describe the structure of muscles .

    • Explain adaptations of different types of muscles to their roles .

    • Explain causes effects and preventive measures of m cramps .

  4. Movement in Plants .

    • Explain the concept of movement in plants (movement of curvature) .

    • Mention types of movement exhibited by plants .

    • Carry out experiments to investigate movement in plants .

TOPIC 3: Coordination

  1. Concept of Coordination. .

    • Explain the concept of coordination in organisms .

    • Outline the ways in which coordination is brought about .

  2. Nervous Coordination in Human , Neurons .

    • Describe the structure of motor sensory and relay neurons .

  3. Central Nervous System (CNS) .

    • Give the meaning of central nervous system .

    • Identify the components of the central nervous system and their functions .

    • Describe the structure of the spinal cord and brain .

  4. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) .

    • Give the meaning of peripheral Nervous System .

    • Identify the components of the peripheral nervous system and their functions .

  5. Reflex Action .

    • Give the meaning of reflex action .

    • Describe the neuronic path of a reflex action .

    • Distinguish simple reflex from conditioned reflex action .

  6. Sense Organs .

    • Explain the meaning of a sense organ .

    • Identify types of Sense organs and their relative position .

    • Describe the structure of each sense organ .

    • Explain the functions of sense organs and their adaptive features .

  7. Drugs and Drug Abuse in Relation to Nervous Coordination .

    • Explain the meaning of drugs and drug abuse, in relation to nervous coordination .

    • Outline proper ways of handling and using drugs .

    • Explain causes and effects of drug addiction .

    • Suggest preventive and control measures of drug abuse .

    • Identify location of the different endocrine glands in the mammalian body .

    • Explain the role of hormones produced by each endocrine gland .

    • Outline disorders of hormonal coordination in mammals .

  8. Coordination in Plant, Concept of Tropic and Nastic Responses .

    • Explain the concept of tropic and nastic responses .

    • Carry out experiments to investigate the effects of tropic and nastic responses in plants .

    • Explain the importance of tropic and nastic responses .

 

TOPIC 4: Excretion

  1. Concept of Excretion .

    • Explain the concept of excretion .

    • Give examples of excretory products eliminated by organisms .

  2. Excretion in Human .

    • Mention excretory organs in human being .

    • Describe the urinary system and its adaptive features .

    • Explain the process of urine formation .

  3. Complications and Disorders of the Excretory System .

    • Mention common complications and disorders of the excretory system .

    • Explain the causes, symptoms, effects and control measures of common complications and disorders of the excretory system .

  4. Excretion in Plants .

    • Mention types of excretory products eliminated by plants .

    • Explain the importance of common excretory products of plants .

TOPIC 5: Regulation

  1. Concept of Regulation .

    • Explain the concept of regulation .

    • Mention various types of regulation .

  2. Temperature Regulation in Animals .

    • Explain the concept of temperature regulation in animals .

    • Carry out practical activities to determine Temperature Regulation in Mammals .

    • Describe the mechanism of temperature regulation in mammals .

  3. Osmoregulation in Mammals .

    • Explain the concept of osmoregulation .

    • Mention factors which affects the contents of salt and water in the body .

  4. Blood Sugar Regulation in Mammals .

    • Explain the mechanisms of regulating sugar level in t he blood .

    • Outline the causes, symptoms, and effects of high and low sugar levels in the blood .

TOPIC 5: Reproduction

  1. Concept of Reproduction .

    • Explain the merits and demerits of sexual and asexual reproduction .

  2. Meiosis and Reproduction .

    • Give the meaning of meiosis .

    • Explain the significance of meiosis in relation to reproduction .

    • Carry out experiments to show stages of meiosis process .

  3. Reproduction in Flowering Plants, the structure of the Flower .

    • Describe the structure of the flower .

    • Identify reproductive parts of the flower .

  4. Pollination .

    • Explain the term pollination .

    • Identify types of pollination .

    • Outline agents of pollination .

  5. Fertilization .

    • Explain the concept of fertilization .

    • Explain process of fertilization in flowering plants .

  6. Reproduction in Mammals .

    • Describe the male and female reproductive systems .

  7. Gamete Formation and Fertilization .

    • Outline the process of gamete formation in mammals .

    • Explain the processes of ovulation and menstruation .

    • Explain the process of fertilization pregnancy and child birth .

    • Outline factors which may hinder fertilization .

    • Explain the concept of artificial insemination and its importance .

  8. Multiple Pregnancies .

    • Give the meaning of multiple pregnancies .

    • Explain the causes of multiple pregnancies .

    • Differentiate between identical twins and fraternal twins .

  9. Disorders of Reproductive System .

    • Mention types of disorders of human reproductive system .

    • Explain the causes and effects of the reproductive system disorders .

    • Suggest possible remedies of reproductive system disorder .

  10. Complication of the Reproductive System .

    • Mention types of complications of the reproductive systems .

    • Outline causes of complications of the reproductive system .

    • Suggest ways to minimize the occurrence of complications and disorders of the reproductive system .

  11. Sexuality and Sexual Health and Responsible Sexual Behaviour .

    • Explain the concept of sexuality .

    • Mention social cultural factors influencing sexual behaviour in different age groups of people .

    • Differentiate responsible from irresponsible sexual behaviour and their impact on oneself family and community .

    • Suggest ways of eradicating irresponsible sexual behaviours/ practices in the family and community .

    • Mention appropriate life skills required to cope with adolescent sexuality and sexual behaviour .

  12. Family Planning and Contraception .

    • Explain the concept of family planning and contraception .

    • State social practices which enhance family planning .

    • Outline the importance of male involvement in family planning .

  13. Maternal and Child Care .

    • Explain the concept of maternal and child care .

    • Mention social-cultural factors which affect material and child care in the family and community .

    • Suggest appropriate ways of providing maternal and child care for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) .

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